Malaria is an infectious disease of tropical countries. It is spread by
mosquitoes. A single mosquito bite may be enough to cause the
infection. Features of malaria include high fever over 38C (100.4F)
along with chills and sweating. There is intense muscle
pain, headache, blurring of vision and dizziness. Some patients may
develop diarrhea and vomiting as well.
Mosquitoes are important vectors (agents) in the transmission of disease. Mosquito-
borne diseases involve the transmission of viruses and parasites from animal-to-person, or
person-to-person, without the insects catching the disease themselves. Mosquitoes are
estimated to transmit disease to more than 700 million people annually in Africa, South
America, Central America, Mexico and much of Asia with millions of resulting deaths.
Government of India has started National Vector Born Disease Control Program