Migraine is a neurological disorder, which is mostly confused with headache by people who don’t have correct knowledge about it. Headache can be cured very easily by some mild dose of drug but migraine patients need special care and treatment.
When a person is suffering from migraine, he is in such a condition where he can not perform regular activities for a certain period. They become very much sensitive to light, sound and smell stimuli. Other common symptoms seen are nausea, vomiting and blurred vision. Migraine can last from a few hours to a week time. All the manifestationsthat can be observed in migraine patients are –
- Sensitivity to sound, light and smell
- Blurred vision
- Severe headache
- Pain in the neck region
- Abdominal pain
- High temperature
- Weakness of the body
There are 4 phases in Migraine, generally for any kind of diseases –
1. Prodrome – Early symptom, where development of the condition is prominent. Symptoms such as headache, fever etc. are seen during this phase.
2. Aura – A kind of disturbance seen in migraine sufferers before the migraine headache. Main symptoms are seen here.
3. Pain – Headache phase where the actual migraine headache is seen. High levels of headache is prominent here.
4. Postdrome phase – The final phase of migraine headache.
Migraine is caused by many reasons, mainly –
Exposure to smoke: Smoking or exposure to cigarette smoke is one of the major causes. According to a research, more than 50% of people who gave up smoking became migraine-free.
High stress: High stress periods, and then sudden rest can cause disturbances in the Central nervous system and can cause attacks of headache when resting. Too much sleep after high stress should be avoided to avoid these attacks.
Hormonal fluctuations: This can also be regarded as stress, which is caused by over excitement. During excitement, high levels of adrenaline is secreted and due to this, stress is experienced, and this triggers attacks of headache.
Irregular sleep: Too much or too little sleep is risky to cause migraine attacks. Long weekend sleeps are pleasent while sleeping, but after the sleep ends, the attacks may start. Regular routine of sleep have to be maintained.
Food habits: There are a lot of food habits that may not suit your body and cause many symptoms ultimately leading to migraine attacks. So a regular balanced diet should be maintained.
How to cure migraine?
Cure migraine by diet:
It is found that following certain migraine diets can reduce or eliminate the risks of migraine attacks. This includes eating of whole and natural foods and reducing the intake of processed or cooked foods.
Reduce certain things in diet:
Things like large amount of caffeine, red wine should be reduced. Along with this, dairy foods, nut products, chocolate, processed meat and alcohol intake should be decreased as they contain chemical addictives which may trigger migraine attacks.
Change in lifestyle:
Modify your lifestyle such that you get complete freedom from the tensions in your life. Pressure on brain should be minimized. It is almost impossible to change the lifestyle, but you may try to get adjusted to the better side of your life.
Lessen salt intake:
Higher salt intake can cause higher blood pressure, which has its repercussions on headache. So, the salt intake should be in control, which leads to lessen in risk of migraine.
Reduction of stress can largely decrease the development of migraine, so activities such as performing Yoga can reduce stress. There are many other mental activites which can lead to decrease in stress.